The police research and policy group’s recent message to law enforcement was clear: It’s time to overhaul training and culture regarding the use of force to consider the sanctity of human life.
An August report by PERF, or the Police Executive Research Forum – which comprises police chiefs from major U.S. cities – rehashed the group’s May conference, when brass from across the country discussed the subject of use of force.
The conversations are among a series of PERF discussions prompted by events – starting with the deaths of Eric Garner and Michael Brown – that have shaken the police profession like a “series of small earthquakes,” wrote PERF Executive Director Chuck Wexler.
Federal courts have ruled that an officer’s use of deadly force is considered to be reasonable – and not a constitutional violation – when the officer has reason to believe the suspect poses a threat of serious harm. But just because they “can,” does that mean they “should”?
Wexler says a growing idea among police is that the review of an officer’s use of force should also include what led up to the incident.
Officers should be held accountable if they failed to de-escalate the situation in order to prevent it from ever reaching the point where the use of force was necessary. – Chuck Wexler
He also calls for more training on de-escalation techniques, which some departments have already undergone. After the death of Garner, for example, all 35,000 New York police officers were mandated to undergo three-day training courses. One day was dedicated to “Smart Policing,” where officers learned de-escalation tactics and techniques.
(Curious about what other information PERF releases? Click here.)